Effectiveness of New Insecticide, Tetraniliprole (Vayego SC200) against Tomato Leaf Miner

Document Type : Research Article


1 Depatment of Entomology Research, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization (AREEO), Tehran, Iran.

2 Plant Protection Research Department, Markazi Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, AREEO, Arak, Iran

3 Plant Protection Research Department, Kermanshah Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization,AREEO, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Plant Protection Research Department, Hormozgan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, Agricultural Research,Education and Extension Organization,AREEO, bandarabbas, Iran.


 One of the most important pests of the tomato plant, which belongs to the order lepidoptera and the family Gelechiidae, is the tomato leaf miner. The tomato leaf miner, scientifically named Tuta absoluta (Meyrick), was first described and reported in Peru in 1917 (EPPO, 2005). After reaching Spain in 2002, the pest spread rapidly to other European and North African countries, and eventually to Middle Eastern countries, including Iran.
Materials and Methods
 This study was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 6 treatments (5 insecticide treatments and one control treatment) and with three replications in tomato fields (private farm) of Kermanshah, Markazi and Hormozgan provinces. Each experimental plot consisted of 5 planting rows, each of which was 10 meters long and 5 meters wide (plot dimensions were 50 square meters). The distance between the plots was at least 5 meters. Fertilization and weed control operations were performed according to local customs. Plants were inspected daily and as soon as the economic loss threshold (4 to 5 larvae per plant) was reached, foliar application was performed. For spraying, a back sprayer with a conical nozzle was used after calibration. Sampling was performed one day before spraying and 3, 7, 10 and 14 days after spraying. For this purpose, 10 plants were randomly selected from each plot and two leaflets were taken from each plant from the semi-terminal leaves of the plant, which were transferred to separate nylon bags by mentioning the name of the treatment and repeated.. The percentage of insecticide effect was calculated using Henderson-Tilton formula. The means were compared by Tukey test using Ver 9.1 software (SAS Institute, 2001).
 In order to introduce new and effective insecticides to control this pest, the present study was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 6 treatments and 3 replications in tomato fields of three provinces of Hormozgan, Kermanshah and Markazi and the effect of, Tetraniliprole (Vayego SC200) insecticides with two concentrations of 250 and 350 ml / ha Indoxacarb EC 15% at a rate of 250 ml / ha, Flubendiamide WG20% at a rate of 250 gr/ ha Lufenuron + Emamectin benzoateWG 50% 100 gr/ ha on mortality This pest was examined. The results of this study showed that on the 14 days after spraying, Tetraniliprol 350 ml / ha with 73.02 percent efficiency, in Markazi province, with 82.74 percent efficiency, in Kermanshah province, and with 82.17 percent efficiency in Hormozgan province had higher efficiency than other treatments. Therefore, a concentration of 350 ml/ha of the insecticide Tetraniliprol is effective and can be recommended for the control of tomato leaf miner in fields.
 In a study of the effects of eight insecticides, chloropyrifosmethyl, lambdacy halothrin, imidaclopride, abamectin, chlorfenapyr, emamectinbenzoate and chlorantraniliprole on tomato leaf miner in field conditions were investigated. The results showed that all the insecticides tested had a significant effect on the average insect population and the reduction of the percentage of infection in the tomato field. However, the greatest effect in controlling this insect was obtained with the use of abamectin, chlorfenapyr and chlorantraniliprole (Sallam, 2015). Another study looked at the effects of a number of biocides on the pest. All of the studied toxins caused mortality of T. absoluta larvae, but the effect of Azadirachta indica and Allium sativum extracts as well as Beauveria bassiana was reported to be more than 70%. However, these treatments were statistically significantly different from conventional insecticides and the highest product with marketable value was obtained in Tetraniliprole (Wiego) and Coragen treatments (Shiberu and Getu, 2018). Evaluated the efficacy of 7 insecticides on tomato leaf miner in vitro and showed that the insecticides Spinosad, chlorantraniliprole + Abamectin and Indoxacarb resulted in 100% mortality in all populations. These results were similar to the present study.


Main Subjects

1- Amizadeh, M., Hejazi, M.J., Niknam, G., & Arzanlou, M. (2015). Compatibility and intraction between Bacillus thuringiensis and certain insecticides: perspective in management of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep., G elechiidae). Biocontrol Science and Technology 6(25): 671-684.
2- Ashtari, S., Sabahi, Q., & Talebi Jahromi, K.H. (2020). Effects of Four Insecicides on Immature Stages of Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) Egg Parasitoid of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep.: Gelechiidae), Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection 1(9): 45-58.
3- Ashtari, S., Sabahi, Q., & Talebi Jahromi, K.H. (2018). Evaluation of toxicity of some biocompatible insecticides on Trichogramma brassicae and T. evanescens under laboratory and semi-field conditions. Journal of Crop Protection 4(7): 459-469.
4- Ashtari, S. (2018). Control of Tuta absoluta by using of chemical pesticides and useful insects. Greenhouse Vegetables 1(1): 33-39. (In Persian)
5- Askari, S.H. (2015). Efficacy of the new insecticide lufenuron + imamctin benzoate (proclimfit WG50%) in the control of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick).Final report of the research project.Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization.
6- Bloem S., & Spaltenstein, E. (2011). New pest response guidelines tomato leafminer (Tuta absoluta). United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service pp.176
7- Cetin, O., & Uygan, D. (2008). The effects of drip Line spacing, irrigation regimes and planting geometries of tomato on yield, irrigation water use efficiency and return. Agricultural Water Management 95: 949- 958.
8- Cordova, D., Benner, E.A., Sacher, M.D., Raul, J.J., Sopa, J.S., & Lahm, G.P. (2006). Anthranilic diamides: A new class of insecticides with a novel mode of action, ryanodine receptor activation. Pesticide Biochemstry Physiology 84: 196-214.
9- Das, S.K., Mukherjee, I., & Roy, A. (2017). Flubendiamide as new generation insecticide in plant toxicology: A policy paper. Adv Clin Toxicology 2: 100-122.
10- Deleva, E.A., & Harizanova, V.B. (2014). Efficacy evaluation of insecticides on larvae of the tomato borer Tuta absoluta, Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) under laboratory. Journal of International Scientific Publications: Agriculture and Food 2: 158-164. Available on: http:,,www.scientific-publications.net.
11- Desneux, N., Wajnberg, E., Wychhuys, A.G., & Burgio, G. (2010). Biological invasion of european tomato crops by Tuta absoluta: ecology, geographic expansion and prospects for biological control, Journal of Pest Science 83: 197-215.
12- Esmaeili, M., Saber, M., Bagheri, M., & Gharekhani, G.H. (2016). Effect of emamectin benzoate and indoxacarb on Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep., Gelechiidae) in laboratory conditions, Applied Researches in Plant Protection 2(4): 161-169.
13- European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) (2005). Datasheet Tuta absoluta datasheet. OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 35: 434-435.
14- Gacemi, A., & Guenaoui, Y. (2012). Efficacy of emamectin benzoate on Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lep., Gelechiidae) infesting a protected tomato crop in Algeria. Academic Journal of Entomology 1(5): 37-40.
15- Ghaderi, S., Fathipour, Y., Asgari, S.H., & Reddy, G.V.P. (2019). Economic injury level and crop loss assessment for Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) on different tomato cultivars. Journal of Applied Entomology 1-15.
16- Javadi Emamzadeh, P., & Chera ghian, A. (2013). First report of the tomato leaf miner, Tuta absoluta (Lep.: Gelechiidae), from Iran. Journal of Entomological Society of Iran 3(33): 87-88.
17- Lietti, M.M., Botto, E., & Alzogaray, R.A. (2005). Insecticide resistance in argentine populations of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Neotropical Entomology 34: 113-119.
18- Sallam, A. (2015). Effectiveness of certain insecticides against the tomato leaf miner Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). Advances in Applied Agricultural Science 2(3): 54-64.
19-SAS Institute .2001. SAS/STAT users guide. SAS Institute, Cary, NC.
20- Sheikhigarjan, A., Rahmani, M., Imani, S., & Jvadzadeh, M. (2018). Toxicity of some new generation insecticides against tomato Leafminer Moth, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) under laboratory and greenhouse conditions, Journal of Applied Research in Plant Protection 7: 99-108.
21- Shiberu, T., & Getu, E. (2018). Evaluation of Bio-Pesticides on Integrated Management of Tomato Leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Gelechiidae: Lepidoptera) on Tomato Crops in Western Shewa of Central Ethiopia. Entomology Ornithology & Herpetology Current Research 1(7): 1-8.
22- Sohrabi, F., Modarressi, M., & Hosseini, S.J. (2015). Assessing the susceptibility of different growth stages of Tuta absoluta to different insecticides in vitro. Journal of Plant Protection 3(38): 1-12.
23- Tabebordbar, F., Shishehbor, P., Ziaee, M., & Sohrabi, F. (2019). Effects of field recommended concentrations of three different insecticides on life table parameters of the parasitoid Trichogramma evanescens (Hym: Trichogrammatidae) under laboratory conditions. Plant Pest Research 4(9): 11-23.
24- Terzidis, A. N., Wilcockson, S., & Leifert, C. (2014). The tomato leaf miner (Tuta absoluta): Conventional pest problem, organic management solutions?. Organic agriculture 1(4): 43-61.
25- Tohidi, M.T., Bagheri, S.H., & Jalilian, F. (2013). Evaluation of the efficacy of Spinosad (Epitima WG20) in controlling Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) tomato moth. Final report of the research project. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization.
26- Zappala, L., Biondi, A., Alma, A., AL-Jboory, I.J., Arno, J., Bayram, L., & Chailleux, A. (2013). Natural enemies of the South American moth, Tuta absoluta in Europe, North Africa and Middle East and their potential use in pest control strategies, Journal of Pest Science 86: 635-647.