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مریم پهلوان یلی محسن محمدی انایی

چکیده

شته مومی کلم (Brevicoryne brassicae) و شته سبز گندم (Schizaphis graminum) به¬ترتیب از آفات مهم کلزا و گندم می¬باشند که بصورت قابل توجهی زراعت این محصولات را از طریق تغذیه بصورت مستقیم و انتقال عوامل بیماریزای ویروسی بصورت غیر مستقیم کاهش می¬دهند. پیدایش مقاومت به سموم شیمیایی و اثرات حاد و مزمن ناشی از کاربرد آن¬ها باعث استفاده از ترکیبات ثانویه گیاهی بصورت عصاره و اسانس به¬منظور کنترل آفات شده است. از جمله این ترکیب¬ها می¬توان به عصاره میوه زیتون تلخ و پوست لیموترش اشاره کرد. در این تحقیق اثر دو عصاره اتانولی مذکور در سه غلظت متفاوت (10، 50 و 80 میکروگرم بر میلی¬لیتر) روی درصد تلفات شته مومی کلم و شته سبز گندم مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد کاربرد عصاره اتانولی میوه زیتون تلخ در غلظت 80 میکروگرم بر میلی¬لیتر پس از 36 ساعت باعث 100 درصد مرگ و میر روی شته¬ها می¬شود که در مقایسه با عصاره پوست لیموترش به¬طور معنی¬داری بیشتر بود. همچنین در این مطالعه، مقدار فنل کل در عصاره میوه زیتون تلخ (74/2 میلی¬گرم بر گرم وزن تر) نسبت به عصاره پوست لیموترش (79/1 میلی¬گرم بر گرم وزن تر) بیشتر بوده است که می¬تواند با اثر کشندگی بالاتر زیتون تلخ روی این شته¬ها در ارتباط باشد. نتایج این تحقیق می¬تواند در کنترل شته¬های مذکور برای تولید محصولات سالم و ارگانیک مفید باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
پهلوان یلیم., & محمدی اناییم. (2017). بررسی اثر حشره¬کشی عصاره دانه زیتون تلخ و پوست لیموترش روی شته مومی کلم (Brevicoryne brassicae L.) و شته سبز گندم (Schizaphis graminum Rondani). مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 31(3), 496-504. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v31i3.58927
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی