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سحر جنتی عطایی همت اله پیردشتی حسین کاظمی معصومه یونس آبادی

چکیده

به¬منظور شناسایی گیاگان و تهیه نقشه پراکنش علف¬های هرز مزارع کلزا در شهرستان گرگان، تعداد 58 مزرعه این شهرستان در سال 1394 انتخاب و گونه¬های علف¬های هرز، براساس الگوی W در این مزارع نمونه¬برداری و شناسایی شدند. با استفاده از روابط موجود، تراکم، فراوانی، یکنواختی و غالبیت هرگونه بدست آمد. در هر مزرعه طول و عرض جغرافیایی و ارتفاع از سطح دریای مکان مورد نمونه¬برداری توسط دستگاه GPS ثبت شد. اطلاعات بدست آمده با استفاده از نرم¬افزار Arc GIS نسخه 3/9 پردازش و نقشه پراکنش کلیه علف¬های هرز مزارع کلزا تهیه شد. نتایج نشان داد که در مزارع کلزای شهرستان گرگان 35 گونه علف هرز وجود دارد که متعلق به 18 خانواده گیاهی می¬باشد. 1/17 درصد گونه¬ها متعلق به تیره گندمیان (Poaceae) و 4/11 درصد متعلق به تیره کاسنی (Asteraceae) و بقیه به 16 خانواده گیاهی دیگر تعلق داشتند. در مجموع 2/77 درصد گونه¬ها یک‌ساله، 8/22 درصد گونه¬ها چندساله، 80 درصد دولپه و 20 درصد تک¬لپه بودند. با توجه به شاخص غالبیت، مهم¬ترین رستنی¬های مزاحم در مزارع کلزای شهرستان گرگان به¬ترتیب اهمیت، شامل: علف خونی (Phalaris minor) با غالبیت نسبی 5/45 درصد، یونجه زرد (Melilotus officinalis) با غالبیت نسبی 4/29 درصد، شلمی (Rapistrum rugosum) با غالبیت نسبی 9/28 درصد و یولاف وحشی (Avena ludoviciana) با غالبیت نسبی 5/23 درصد بودند. شناخت علف¬های هرز مهم کلزا و نحوه پراکنش آن¬ها با استفاده از رهیافت¬های جدید، امری مهم در پیشبرد راه¬کارهای مدیریتی می¬باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
جنتی عطاییس., پیردشتیه. ا., کاظمیح., & یونس آبادیم. (۱۳۹۶-۱۰-۰۳). تهیه نقشه پراکنش و گیاگان علف¬‌های¬هرز مزارع کلزا در شهرستان گرگان با استفاده از سامانه اطلاعات جغرافیایی (GIS). مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 31(4), 605-616. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v31i4.57968
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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