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محمد رضا زرگران محمد جمشیدی سید رستم موسوی میرکلا

چکیده

یکی از عوامل اصلی تخریب جنگل¬های بلوط، جوانه¬خوار بلوط .Tortrix viridana L است و خسارت زیادی را به این جنگل¬ها وارد می¬سازد. هدف اصلی از انجام این تحقیق، بررسی تغییرات جمعیتی این آفت طی دو سال مختلف و عوامل تأثیرگذار بر آن به¬منظور تعیین راهکار¬های مناسب کنترل آفت بود. این تحقیق طی سال¬های 93 و 94 در منطقه قبرحسین با مساحتی در حدود 250 هکتار انجام شد و در چهار جهت جغرافیایی اصلی (شمال، شرق، جنوب و غربی)، ترانسکت¬هایی با فواصل 100 متری پیاده شد. در مجموع، در هر جهت تعداد 30 درخت دارمازو Quercus infectoria و تعداد 30 درخت وی¬ول Q. libani که از لحاظ شکل ظاهری مشابه بودند (جهت کاهش خطای نمونه¬برداری) در هر چهار جهت جغرافیایی اصلی مورد اندازه‌گیری قرار گرفتند. در هر درخت نیز چهار شاخه انتخاب (هر جهت یک شاخه به طول 50 سانتی¬متر) و در هر شاخه از نوک شاخه به سمت داخل، لاروهای آفت شمارش گردید. در هر دو سال، تعداد لاروهای جوانه¬خوار بلوط روی دارمازو بیشتر از وی¬ول بود. تعداد لاروهای جوانه¬خوار بلوط در هر دو گونه بلوط دارمازو و وی¬ول در سال 94 نسبت به سال قبل افزایش چشم¬گیری داشته است که ممکن است با افزایش دما مرتبط باشد. بررسی فراوانی جمعیت لاروهای جوانه¬خوار بلوط در جهت¬های جغرافیایی نشان داد برای هر دو گونه دارمازو و وی¬ول در سال 93 بیشترین و کمترین تعداد لارو به‌ترتیب در جهت جغرافیایی شرقی و غربی و در سال 94 نیز بیشترین و کمترین میزان فراوانی لاروها به¬ترتیب در جهت جغرافیایی جنوبی و شمالی بود.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
زرگرانم. ر., جمشیدیم., & موسوی میرکلاس. ر. (۱۳۹۶-۰۵-۱۱). تغییرات سالیانه جمعیتی لاروهای پروانه جوانه¬خوار بلوط (Tortrix viridana L.) روی دو گونه بلوط دارمازو (Quercus infectoria Oliv.) و ویول (Q. libani Lindl.) در استان آذربایجان¬غربی. مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 31(3), 420-432. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v31i3.56354
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی