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هادی زهدی رضا حسینی احد صحراگرد امیر حسین محمدی

چکیده

کفشدوزک Oenopia conglobata contaminata (Menteries) (Col.: Coccinellidae) مهم¬ترین کفشدوزک فعال در باغ¬های پسته است. طعمه¬های جایگزین، نقش مهمی در پایداری جمعیت یک دشمن طبیعی در طبیعت دارند. در این بررسی فراسنجه¬های جدول زندگی این کفشدوزک به روش دو جنسی با تغذیه از مهم¬ترین طعمه¬های موجود در باغ پسته یعنی پوره¬های پسیل پسته، شته باقلا، شته یونجه و همچنین تخم شب پره¬ی آرد به همراه گرده¬ی ذرت به عنوان میزبان آزمایشگاهی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. مطالعه‎ی جدول زندگی برای هر طعمه با 100 عدد تخم کفشدوزک انجام شد. کلیه آزمایش¬ها در دمای2±25 درجه‎ی سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 5±55 درصد و طول دوره ¬ی روشنایی به تاریکی 8:16 ساعت انجام ‎گرفت. داده¬های جدول زندگی طبق تئوری جدول¬زندگی دو جنسی مرحله سنی آنالیز شد. نتایج نشان داد که بیشترین میزان نرخ خالص تولید مثل و نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت در رژیم غذایی پسیل پسته به میزان 87/290 نتاج ماده/فرد و 1559/0 بر روز بود و کمترین میزان این شاخص¬ها مربوط به رژیم غذایی تخم شب¬پره آرد بود(68/61 نتاج ماده / فرد و1103/0 بر روز). نتایج نشان داد که رژیم¬های غذایی پسیل پسته وشته باقلا در مقایسه با رژیم¬های غذایی شته یونجه و تخم شب¬پره¬ی آرد سبب افزایش شاخص¬های جدول زندگی وامید به زندگی کفشدوزک contaminata O. conglobata می¬شود و رژیم¬غذایی شته ای برای پرورش این کفشدوزک به منظور کنترل بیولوژیک پسیل پسته مناسب می¬باشند.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
زهدیه., حسینیر., صحراگردا., & محمدیا. ح. (۱۳۹۵-۰۲-۲۲). تاثیر رژیم‌های مختلف غذایی بر شاخص¬های جدول زندگی کفشدوزک Oenopia conglobata contaminata (Menteries). مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 31(1), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v31i1.50515
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی