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قدیر نوری قنبلانی جواد ابراهیمی حاجیکلائی مژگان مردانی طلایی جبرائیل رزمجو سیدعلی اصغر فتحی

چکیده

شته روسی گندم، (Mordvilko) Diuraphis noxia، یکی از آفات مهم غلات دانه­ریز، به­ویژه گندم و جو می­باشد. در اين تحقيق، مقاومت نسبی 30 ژنوتیپ گندم و یک رقم تریتیکاله در اتاقک رشدی با دمای 3±23 درجه سلسیوس، رطوبت نسبی 10±50 درصد و دوره نوری 14:10 (تاریکی: روشنایی) در قالب یک طرح کاملاً تصادفي مورد ارزيابي قرار گرفت. شمارش تعداد شته­هاي بالغ جلب شده روي ژنوتیپ‏‏­ها پس از گذشت 24، 48 و 72 ساعت از شروع رهاسازی نشان داد که ژنوتیپ­های مورد مطالعه فاقد مقاومت آنتی­زنوزی بودند و تفاوت معنی­داری از نظر تعداد شته­هاي جلب شده بر روي ژنوتیپ­های مختلف وجود نداشت. در ارزیابی مقاومت آنتی‏بیوزی، بیش­ترین و کم­ترین نرخ ذاتی افزایش جمعیت (rm) به ترتیب روی ارقام الوند (273/0 بر روز) و بزوستایا (214/0 بر روز) به­دست آمد. در ارزیابی تحمل اختلاف معني­داري بين ژنوتیپ­های مورد آزمايش از نظر درصد کاهش نسبی ارتفاع و وزن خشک مشاهده شد. در تریتیکاله (رقم جونیلو) و گندم رقم کاسکوژن تحمل نسبی به شته D. noxia داشتند. بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش، کاشت ارقام کاسکوژن و جونیلو به دلیل داشتن مقاومت آنتی­بیوزی متوسط و بیش­ترین میزان تحمل نسبت به شته روسی گندم می‏توانند در مدیریت تلفیقی این آفت مفید واقع شود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

آنتی¬بیوز, آنتی¬زنوز, تحمل, شته روسی گندم, گندم

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ارجاع به مقاله
نوری قنبلانیق., ابراهیمی حاجیکلائیج., مردانی طلاییم., رزمجوج., & فتحیس. ا. (2019). ارزیابی مقاومت برخی ارقام تجاری و لاین¬های پیشرفته گندم به شته¬ی روسی گندم، Diuraphis noxia (Mordvilko). مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 33(4), 409-421. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v33i4.69760
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی