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روشنک صداقت باف محمد امین سمیع هادی زهدی مهدی ضرابی

چکیده

سفید بالک پنبه Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) یکی از مهمترین آفات گلخانه­ای در جهان می­باشد. با توجه به اثرات سوء استفاده از آفت‌کش، بررسی و تحقیق در مورد روش­های کنترل ایمن­تر برای این آفت ضروری است. در این تحقیق اثر آفت کش آبامکتین و سه عصاره­ی صبر زرد Aloe vera (L.) (Liliacea)، تلخه بیانSophora alopecuroides L. (Fabaceae)  و کرچک Ricinus communis L. (Euphorbiaceae) به همراه ۲نوع ورمی­کمپوست با منشاء پسته و کود گاوی روی مرگ و میر مراحل پیش از بلوغ و فراسنجه­های زیستی سفید بالک پنبه بررسی شد. بر اساس نتایج، بیشترین تلفات تخم به وسیله­ی تیمار آبامکتین، پورگی به وسیله­ی تیمار آلوئه­ورا و شفیرگی به وسیله­ی تیمار تلخه بیان ایجاد شد. نوع بستر کشت گیاه نیز در تأثیر هر عصاره و آفت کش آبامکتین موثر بود و میزان تلفات تیمارها در بستر کشت حاوی کوکب پسته بیشترین بود. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که تأثیر غلظت‌های زیرکشندگی (LC25) روی پارامتر­های زیستی سفید بالک در مقایسه با شاهد معنی‌دار بود. بر اساس اين نتايج عصاره گیاه آلوئه ورا در مقايسه با ساير عصاره‌ها روی آفت مؤثرتر بوده و اثرات متقابل این عصاره با بستر کودی کوکب پسته از سایر تیمارها در کنترل این آفت کاراتر بود و مي‌توان این عصاره و بستر را به عنوان یکی از روش­های کنترل این آفت در برنامه­های مدیریت کنترل آفات محسوب نمود.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

سفیدبالک, کودهای زیستی،, کوکب پسته, کوکب کود گاوی

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ارجاع به مقاله
صداقت بافر., سمیعم. ا., زهدیه., & ضرابیم. (2020). تأثیر تلفیقی عصاره گیاهی و ورمی¬کمپوست روی برخی فراسنجه¬های زیستی سفید بالک پنبه Bemisia tabaci (Gen.) (Hem.: Aleyrodidae). مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 34(1), 15-32. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v34i1.66998
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی