سمیه باعدل عصمت مهدیخانی مقدم حمید روحانی


به منظور شناسایی نماتدهای انگل گیاهی مزارع کلزای استان خراسان شمالی، طی سال های 1386و1387 تعداد 40 نمونه خاک و ریشه از مزارع مناطق مختلف استان جمع آوری گردید. نماتدهای استخراج شده با استفاده از روش سین هورست ((Sein-horst, 1959 تثبیت و به گلیسرین منتقل شدند. پس از تهیه اسلایدهای میکروسکوپی دائمی، خصوصیات ریخت شناسی و ریخت سنجی نماتدهای استخراج شده با استفاده از میکروسکوپ نوری بررسی شد. در این تحقیق پنج گونه نماتد از جنس Aphelenchoides شامل گونه های A. limberi، A. daubichaensis A. delhiensis، A. confusus و A. rutgersi شناسایی شدند که چهار گونه آخر برای اولین بار از ایران گزارش و توصیف می شوند.

جزئیات مقاله

1- Abdorrahmani B. 2003. Rapeseed production in rain-fed crop management. Media Planning Office to Promote. 38 pages.
2- Bhowmik T. P. 2003. Oilseed brassicas, constraints and their management. CBS Publishers and distributors, New Delhi, 254 pp.
3- Bowen S. A. 1988. Aspect of the population biology of cyst nematodes parasites of oilseed rape, PhD. Thesis. CNAA, 227 pp.
4- Chawla M. L., Bhamburkar B. L., Khan E. and Prasad S. K. 1968. One new genus and seven new species of nematodes from India. Labdev Journal of Science and Technology, 6 (2): 86-100.
5- Eroshenko A. S. 1968. Five new species of Aphelenchoides Fischer, 1894 (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae). Soobshcheniya Dal'nevostochnogo Filiala V. L. Komarova, Sibir. Otdel. Akad. Nauk SSSR, 26: 58-68, (In Russian).
6- Evans K. 1984. Cyst nematode problems on oilseed rape. Annals of Applied Biology, 6: 275-279.
7- Fatemy S., Abootorabi E., Ebrahimi N. and Aghabeigi F. 2006. First report of Pratylenchus neglectus and P. thornei infecting canola and weeds in Iran. Plant Disease, 90: 1555.
8- Fatemi S., Salimi H., Tanha Maafi. Z. and Abootorabi A. 2004. The monitoring and weeds in winter oilseed rape fields parasitic nematodes in Tehran. Plant Pests and Diseases Research Institute project's final report, 25 pages.
9- Harris P. G. W. and Evans K. 1988. Field investigation of the responses to nematicide treatment of three winter oilseed rape cultivars infested by Heterodera cruciferae. Crop protection, 7: 137-142.
10- Hooper D. J. 1958. Aphelenchoides dactylocercus n. sp. and A. sacchari n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoidea). Nematologica, III: 229-235.
11- Hooper D. J. & Myers R. F. 1971. Aphelenchoides rutgersi n. sp. (Nematoda: Aphelenchoidae), Description and Morphometrics, with observation on A. dactylocercus Hooper, 1958 and A. cibolensis Riffle, 1970. Nematologica, 17: 295-302.
12- Hunt D. J. 1993. Aphelenchida, Longidoridae and Trichodoridae: Their Systematics and Bionomics. Wallingford, UK: CAB International, 372 pp.
13- Jamali S., PourJam E., Kheyri A. and Damadzadeh M. 2003. Identification of Aphelenchoides species collected from cereal fields in Isfahan province. Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 39 (12): 17-23. (In Persian with English abstract)
14- Jain R. K. 1978. Effect of root knot nematode, Meloidogyne javanica on japans arson. Indian Journal Agriculture Research, 12: 92-93.
15- 15-Karimi Pourfard H., Pakniat M. and Almasi H. 2008. Identification Nematodes order Tylenchida in Rapeseed fields Isfahan province. Proceedings of the 18th Iranian Plant Protection Congress; 7-11 September 2008; Hamadan, Iran. pp. 573. (In Persian with English abstract)
16- Karimi Pourfard H., Pakniat M. and Tanha Maafi Z. (2011). Identification and distribution of plant parasitic nematodes on rapeseed fields of Isfahan and Fars province. Journal Plant Protection, 25: 214-223. (In Persian with English abstract).
17- Kharbanda P. D., Fitt B. D. L., Lange R. M., West J. S., Lamey, A. H. and Phillips D. V. 2002. Diseases of rapesed=canola (Brassica napus L. and=B. campestris L). Available on: WWW. Apsnet. Org/online/common/names/rapeseed. asp.
18- Naseri B., Pourjam E. and Tanha Maafi Z. (2008). Some plant parasitic nematodes from canola growing regions of Iran. Iranian Journal Plant Pathology, 44: 289-318. (In Persian with English abstract).
19- Nickle W. R. 1991. Manual of Agricultural Nematology. Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York. 1035pp.
20- Parvizy R. and Eshtiaghi H. 1997. The study of weed hosts of sugar beet cyst nematode in West Azarbaijan. Applied Entomology & Phytopathology, 64: 1-7.
21- Prasad D. and Chawla M. L. 1992. Pathogenicity of Meloidogyne incognita on sunflower, safflower and mustard. Current Nematology, 3: 127-132.
22- Ramaji F. A., Pourjam E. and Karegar A. 2010. Some species of suborder Aphelenchina from Jirift and Kahnoj region from South Iran. . Iranian Journal of Plant Pathology, 46 (1): 49-50. . (In Persian with English abstract)
23- Riffle J. W. 1970. Aphelenchoides cibolensis (Nematoda: Aphelenchoididae), a new mycophagous nematode species. Proceeding of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 37 (1): 78-80.
24- Scotto la massese G., Cayrol J. C., Minot J. and Voisin R. 1981. Multiplication de especes de Pratylenchus su colza (Brassica napus var. Oleifera) Var. cresor et sur soja (Glycine max) var. Hogson. Influence de inoculation des Pratylenchus sur soja. Comptes Ren dus teme. Journees de phytiatric et de phytopharmacie circum-Mediterraneennes Prepignan France, 116-120.
25- Sein-horst J. W. 1959. A rapid method for the transfer of nematodes from fixative to anhydrous glycerin. Nematologica, 4: 67-69.
26- Shahina F. 1996. A diagnostic compendium of the genus Aphelenchoides Fisher, 1894 (Nematoda: Aphelenchida) with some new records of the group from Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Nematology, 14: 1-32.
27- Shariati Sh. and Ghazi Shahnizadeh P. 2000. Rapeseed. Office of educational technology services. Deputy planning and budget ministry of agriculture. 81 pages.
28- Storey G., Bowen S. and Evans K. 1985. Preliminary screening of oil seed repe for brassica cyst nematode resistance. Annal Applied Biollogy, 106-161.
29- Swarup G., Dasgupta D. R. and Koshy, P. K. 1989. Plant Disease. Anomol Publications, 395 pp.
30- Thorne G. and Malek R. B. 1968. Nematodes of the northern great plains. Part I. Tylenchida (Nematoda: Secernentea). Technical Bulletin South Dakota Agricultural Experiment Station, 31: 1-111.
31- Webb R. M. 1966. In vitro studies of six species of Pratylenchus (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae) on four cultivars of oilseed rape (Brassica napus var. Oleifera). Nematologica, 42 (1): 89-95.
32- Windfield A. L. 1986. Field Pests of oilseed rape. PP. 237-281. In: Scarisbrick D. H. and Daniels R. W (eds). Oilseed rape. Collins, 8 Grafton street, Lindon WI.
ارجاع به مقاله
باعدلس., مهدیخانی مقدمع., & روحانیح. (2015). شناسایی گونه های جنسFischer, 1849 Aphelenchoides Aphelenchoididae) Nematoda:) جمع آوری شده از مزارع کلزا در استان خراسان شمالی. مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 29(4), 558-570. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v29i4.32940
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی