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مرضیه معتمدی مهدی نصراصفهانی عیدی بازگیر مصطفی درویش¬نیا

چکیده

گندم Triticum aestivum L. یکی از محصولات زراعی مهم و استراتژیک در جهان می­باشد. یکی از معضلات فعلی گندم نماتد سیستی، گونهHeterodera filipjevi  بوده که دارای پراکنش گسترده­تری نسبت به سایر گونه­ها در مزارع غلات کشور است. در این تحقیق واکنش 30 رقم گندم آبی در برابر نماتد سیستی H. filipjevi در قالب طرح­های آماری در گلخانه و مزرعه بررسی شد. شناسایی گونه براساس مطالعات ریخت­شناسی و ریخت­سنجی و هم­چنین، مشخصات مولکولی انجام گردید. شاخص­ تعداد سیست و تخم و لارو سن دوم، مبنای تجزیه و تحلیل آماری قرار گرفت. هم­چنین، فاکتور تولید­مثل و درصد کاهش و یا افزایش جمعیت نماتد سیستی غلات، در هر تیمار نسبت به جمعیت اولیه­ی همان تیمار محاسبه شد. تجزیه و تحلیل آماری و خوشه‏ای داده‏ها، به ترتیب، با مقایسه میانگین‏ها توسط آزمون چند دامنه‏ای دانكن (DMRT)، با استفاده از نرم افزارهاي آماري SAS و SPSS انجام پذيرفت. نتایج نشان داد که در شرایط گلخانه، کمترین میزان سیست قهوه­ای مربوط به رقم بهرنگ با میانگین 15 عدد و بعد از آن رقم بم با میانگین 25/15 عدد در 200 سی­سی خاک بود. در صورتی که کمترین میزان تخم، لارو و فاکتور تولید مثل مربوط به رقم پیشتاز با میانگین 49/0 عدد در گرم خاک محاسبه شد. در شرایط مزرعه، کمترین میزان سیست مربوط به رقم‏ بم با میانگین 33/113 عدد در 200 سی­سی خاک و کمترین میزان تخم، لارو و فاکتور تولید مثل مربوط به رقم پارسی با میانگین 69/0 عدد در گرم خاک بود. ارقام مربوطه بر اساس واکنش به نماتد سیستی در سه طیف‏، مقاوم، متحمل و حساس قرار گرفتند.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

تخم ولارو, سیست, نماتد سیستی غلات, Heterodera filipjevi, واکنش ارقام

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ارجاع به مقاله
معتمدیم., نصراصفهانیم., بازگیرع., & درویش¬نیام. (2019). ارزیابی مقاومت ارقام آبی گندم نان به نماتد سیستی غلات Heterodera filipjevi. مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 32(3), 323-337. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v32i3.69796
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی