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مهدی کبیری رئیس آباد الهام زارعی

چکیده

در این تحقیق اثر دو آفت­کش گیاهی پالیزین و شیمیایی فن­والریت روی حشرات کامل سرخرطومی برگ یونجه Hypera postica (Gyllenhal)  و تخم و لاروهای سن اول بالتوری سبزChrysoperla carnea (Stephens)  در شرایط آزمایشگاهی مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. همچنین آزمایشی در شرایط مزرعه­ای با سه تیمار شامل پالیزین 2500 پی­پی­ام، فن والریت 1000 پی­پی­ام، شاهد (آّب پاشی) و پنج تکرار در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی انجام گرفت. تعداد حشرات کامل و لاروهای سرخرطومی برگ یونجه و لاروهای بالتوری سبز در نوبت­های یک روز قبل و سه، هفت، چهارده و بیست­و­یک روز بعد از تیمار شمارش شدند. در شرایط آزمایشگاهی، میزان LC50 ترکیبات ذکر شده روی حشرات کامل H. postica با گذشت 24 ساعت از زمان تیمار به­ترتیب 72/601 و 87/321 پی­پی­ام برآورد شد. حشره­کش فن­والریت سمیت بالاتری نسبت به آفت­کش پالیزین برای بالتوری سبز داشت. میزانLC50  حشره­کش فن­والریت روی تخم و لارو سن اول C. carnea به­ترتیب 02/563 و 46/178 پی­پی­ام و میزان LC50 آفت­کش پالیزین به­ترتیب 1664 و 1633 پی­پی­ام برآورد شد. در شرایط مزرعه­ای، آفت­کش پالیزین دوام اثر طولانی­تری روی سرخرطومی برگ یونجه داشت. بر اساس معیارهای IOBC، آفت­کش پالیزین در تمامی زمان­های نمونه­برداری در گروه سموم با خطر کم و حشره­کش فن­والریت در گروه سموم خطرناک برای بالتوری سبز C. carnea دسته­بندی شدند.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

تخم, حشرات کامل, سمیت, IOBC

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ارجاع به مقاله
کبیری رئیس آبادم., & زارعیا. (2019). بررسی اثر آفت¬کش¬های گیاهی پالیزین و شیمیایی فن¬والریت روی سرخرطومی برگ یونجه Hypera postica (Col.: Curculionidae) و دشمن طبیعی آن Chrysoperla carnea (Neu.: Chrysopidae). مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 32(3), 363-371. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v32i3.65830
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی