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بهنام امیری مهدی کبیری ریس آباد

چکیده

کنه تارتن دو نقطه¬ای یکی از آفات مهم و اقتصادی در مزارع لوبیا است. در این تحقیق، اثر آفت¬کش گیاهی سیرینول و کنه¬کش شیمیایی اسپیرودیکلوفن روی تخم و بالغ این آفت در شرایط آزمایشگاهی و مزرعه‌ای مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. از دستگاه برج پاشش برای زیست¬سنجی¬ها استفاده شد. از سوی دیگر، به منظور بررسی غلظت¬های 1000، 2000 و 4000 پی¬پی¬ام از آفت¬کش سیرینول و غلظت¬های 300، 600 و 1200 پی¬پی¬ام از کنه‌کش اسپیرودیکلوفن، آزمایشی در شرایط مزرعه¬ای با 7 تیمار و 4 تکرار در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی انجام گرفت. نمونه¬برداری از جمعت آفت یک روز قبل، سه، هفت، چهارده و بیست و یک روز پس از تیمار انجام گرفت. میزان LC50 آفت¬کش سیرینول برای تخم و کنه بالغ با گذشت 72 ساعت از زمان تیمار به¬ترتیب 3/1192 و 3/592 پی¬پی¬ام و میزان LC50 کنه¬کش اسپیرودیکلوفن به¬ترتیب 8/289 و 9/172 پی¬پی¬ام براورد شد. بر این اساس، کنه¬های بالغ نسبت به تخم¬ها حساسیت بیشتری در برابر هر دو ترکیب ذکر شده داشتند. نتایج زیست سنجی مزرعه¬ای نشان‌ دهنده دوام اثر طولانی¬تر آفت¬کش سیرینول بود. به‌طوری‌که 21 روز پس از تیمار، میزان کشندگی غلظت پشنهاد شده مزرعه¬ای این ترکیب برای کنه تارتن بالغ 11/92 درصد بود. همچنین سمیت این ترکیب برای کنه شکارگرAthias-Henriot Phytoseiulus persimilis بسیار کمتر از کنه¬کش اسپیرودیکلوفن بود. بر اساس معیارهای IOBC، آفت¬کش سیرینول در نمونه¬برداری‌های 21 روز پس از تیمار و در غلظت پیشنهاد شده مزرعه¬ای در گروه سموم با خطر کم و کنه¬کش اسپیرودیکلوفن در گروه سموم خطرناک برای این دشمن طبیعی دسته‌بندی شدند.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
امیریب., & کبیری ریس آبادم. (۱۳۹۷-۰۲-۳۰). بررسی اثر کشندگی سیرینول (®Sirinol) و اسپیرودیکلوفن (Envidor®) روی Tetranychus urticae Koch (Acari: Tetranychidae) در شرایط آزمایشگاهی و مزرعه¬ای. مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 32(2), 205-213. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v32i2.63951
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی