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نصرت اله کریمی آربناهی سید وحید اسلامی رحمت اله دهقان خلیلی محمد جواد بابائی زارچ

چکیده

به منظور بررسی اثر تنش شوری حاصل از آب آبیاری و خاک بر خصوصیات رشدی علف¬هرز اویارسلام ارغوانی، دو آزمایش جداگانه در قالب طرح بلوک‏¬های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال 1392 در گلخانه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه بیرجند انجام شد. آزمایش اول شامل پنج سطح شوری آب آبیاری (صفر، 3، 5، 7 و 9 دسی¬زیمنس¬بر¬متر) و آزمایش دوم شامل پنج سطح شوری خاک (1، 3، 5، 7 و 9 دسی¬زیمنس¬بر¬متر) بود. نتایج آزمایش شوری آب نشان داد که بیشترین میزان ارتفاع بوته (71 سانتی¬متر)، سطح برگ (75/79 سانتی¬متر مربع)، تعداد ساقه (66/6 ساقه در گلدان)، وزن خشک اندام هوایی (693/4 گرم در بوته)، تعداد غده (66/9 غده در گلدان) و وزن خشک اندام زیرزمینی (328/4 گرم در بوته) در سطح شاهد حاصل شد که با افزایش شوری آب آبیاری به 9 دسی¬زیمنس¬بر¬متر به ترتیب با 5/46، 2/75، 85، 1/83، 100 و 8/80 درصد کاهش همراه بوده است. در آزمایش شوری خاک نیز بیشترین میزان ارتفاع بوته (6/79 سانتی¬متر)، سطح برگ (75/63 سانتی¬متر مربع)، تعداد ساقه (7 ساقه در گلدان)، وزن خشک اندام هوایی (454/3 گرم در بوته)، تعداد غده (33/8 غده در گلدان) و وزن خشک اندام زیرزمینی (655/3 گرم در بوته) در سطح یک دسی¬زیمنس¬بر¬متر حاصل شد، که با افزایش شوری خاک به 9 دسی¬زیمنس¬بر¬متر به ترتیب با 3/44، 8/80، 95، 1/87، 76 و 38/75 درصد کاهش همراه بود. به¬طور کلی به نظر می¬رسد غده و ریزوم¬های اویارسلام در شرایط تنش شوری قادر به جوانه¬زنی و تکثیر رویشی نیستند، که این حاکی از حساسیت بالای این علف¬هرز نسبت به تنش شوری می¬باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
کریمی آربناهین. ا., اسلامیس. و., دهقان خلیلیر. ا., & بابائی زارچم. ج. (۱۳۹۷-۰۲-۳۰). تأثیر تنش شوری حاصل از آب آبیاری و خاک بر خصوصیات رشدی علف¬هرز اویارسلام ارغوانی (Cyperus rotundus L.). مطالعات حفاظت گیاهان, 32(2), 257-267. https://doi.org/10.22067/jpp.v32i2.61666
نوع مقاله
علمی - پژوهشی

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